St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre

Les Troyens

grand opera in five acts

Lance Ryan in the opera


Conductor: Conductor: Valery Gergiev
Age category 12+


Music by Hector Berlioz
Libretto by the composer after motifs from Virgil’s Aeneid
Performed in French
The performance will have synchronised
Russian supertitles

Musical Director: Valery Gergiev
Stage Director: Carlus Padrissa
Video Graphics Designer: Franc Aleu
Production Designer: Roland Olbeter
Costume Designer: Chu Uroz
Lighting Designer: Peter van Praet
Choreographer: Emil Faski
Musical Preparation: Natalia Mordashova
Principal Chorus Master: Andrei Petrenko
French language coach: Ksenia Klimenko


Part I. The Capture of Troy

Act I
After ten years of a failed siege of the city of Troy, the Greeks are abandoning their camp. The Trojans celebrate their victory on the vacated site. They see a giant wooden horse left by the Greeks, which they see as a gift to be presented to Pallas Athene. Cassandre, daughter of King Priam of Troy, foresees the fall of Troy and the death of her beloved Chorèbe. Cassandre convinces him to flee from Troy. Chorèbe, however, does not believe her predictions.
The people come together in a hymn of praise to the gods of Olympus for the salvation of Troy; Queen Hécube and Priam himself appear. Andromaque, the widow of Prince Hector, together with her son Astyanax, gives vent to her implacable grief for her warrior husband amidst the general rejoicing. Énée rushes in and relates that the priest Laocoön, who has called on the Trojans to burn the wooden horse, has been swallowed up by a sea dragon – this is seen as the wrath of the goddess Athena, enraged at the priest’s blasphemy. Then Priam, ignoring Cassandre’s protests, orders the horse be brought to Troy. The Trojans triumphantly carry the statue towards the city. In despair, Cassandre observes the procession.

Act II
The ghost of the murdered Hector appears to the sleeping Énée, who has foreseen the destruction of Troy, and orders him to flee the city and seek Italy, where he is to establish a new Troy – Rome.
Meanwhile, the Greeks burst into the city. The Trojans are prepared to die, but will never surrender to the enemy. Énée and a group of warriors, seizing the treasures of the King of Priam, flee from the blazing Troy. Cassandre prophesises that Énée will become the founder of a new city. Knowing that Chorèbe is dead, Cassandre symbolically cries out “Italy! Italy!” and curses her own self in order to escape Greek enslavement. The other women follow her example.

Part II. The Trojans in Carthage

Queen Didon of Carthage, remaining loyal to the memory of her dead husband Sichée, does not wish to marry the Numidian King Iarbas, who desires her favour. The Carthaginians swear devotion to Didon and are prepared to protect her from the Numidian’s solicitations. Representatives of various professions – builders, sailors and peasant farmers – are presented to the Queen in turn.
At the end of the triumphant ceremony, Didon is talking with her sister Anna, who convinces her to abandon her fidelity to Sichée and free her heart to find new love. At the same time, the Queen is informed of the arrival of foreigners in the port whose ship has been wrecked. Didon agrees to allow them into the harbour. A brigade of Trojans arrives, and Ascagne presents himself and his fellow travellers to the Queen. The Trojan priest Panthée tells of a prophesy that will force Énée to travel in search of Italy.
Didon’s counsellor Narbal informs her that the cruel Numidian leader has reached Carthage with a countless horde of savages and the city has insufficient weaponry to defend itself. Then Énée offers assistance to Carthage. Leaving Ascagne to Didon’s cares, he takes command of the united soldiers and hastens away to meet the enemy.

Act IV
In the gardens, Narbal is talking with Anna. He is worried that Didon, attracted by Énée, is ignoring affairs of State. Anna sees nothing amiss in this: Énée would be a magnificent ruler of Carthage. Narbal reminds her that the gods have decreed that Énée link his destiny with Italy, but Anna replies that there is no god on Earth more powerful than love itself.
With dances and songs, the subjects praise the Queen. With Énée beside her, she gradually forgets her dead husband. Didon and Énée declare their love for one another. These declarations are interrupted by the appearance of Mercure, messenger of the gods, who informs Énée it is Jupiter’s will that he leave Carthage and set out for Italy.

Act V
The sea coast of Carthage
Panthée and the Trojan leaders are discussing the terrible omens of the gods, displeased at their being delayed in Carthage. Énée’s soul is engaged in a bitter struggle between his duty, which calls him to Italy, and his love, which holds him in Carthage. He wishes to see the Queen one last time, but is confronted by the ghosts of Priam, Chorèbe, Hector and Cassandre, who call to him to depart without delay.
Didon cannot believe that Énée is attempting to sail away from her in secret. Énée begs her to forgive him, denoting the will of the gods, but Didon pays no heed to these supplications and curses him. And yet she begs Anna to ask Énée once again to remain. Anna is sorry that she gave her blessing to the love between her sister and Énée. When Didon is informed that the Trojans have left Carthage, in fury she orders the Carthaginians to sail after them and sink the Trojan fleet, but then, left alone, in despair she resolves to commit suicide. At the moment of the Queen’s death, another vision comes to her: Carthage will be destroyed and Rome will become eternal. The people of Carthage and the priests curse Énée and his people.


As part of the Year of Russia and France 2010   As part of the Year of Russia and France 2010

Production by La Fura dels Baus
Co-production with the Palau de les Arts Reina Sofía (Valencia) and Poland's Opera Narodowa

World premiere: 6 December 1890, Groβherzogliches Hoftheater, Karlsruhe
Premiere of this production: 31 October 2009, Palau de les Arts Reina Sofía, Valencia
Premiere at the Mariinsky Theatre: 25 December 2009, St Petersburg

Running time: 5 hours 40 minutes
The performance has two intervals


The history of the opera's creation >>

Hector Berlioz and Richard Wagner >>

Soloists speaking about the production of Les Troyens >>

About Les Troyens on the MT Media website >>

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